Sakkho Tiles Maintenance
Sakkho tiles made out of teak wood are easy to maintain. Teak wood is a strong, durable hardwood resistant to rotting, fungi, mildew and to attack from termites and other insects. Teak can be left out in the elements to weather with little or no care.
Sakkho teak tiles can also be regularly maintained or periodically restored after heavy use, weathering and when physical damages, dents, scratches have occurred. Maintenance can be done in various ways depending on how the tiles are installed and on the look you want Sakkho tiles to have.
1. No Maintenance
2. Maintenance Type
3. The look you want
4. Simple Clean - Regularly
5. Deep Clean - Restoration
6. Industrial Power Tools
7. Maintenance Schedule
8. After Cleaning and Maintenance
9. Things to Know
When left out in the elements with little or no maintenance, teak wood will either gray or darken. For more information about leaving teak without maintenance read The Graying of Teak page or click here.
As Sakkho teak tiles are versatile in their use, the first important aspect of maintaining teak is to choose the best maintenance method according to the way tiles are installed and their use, as well as the finish of the wood.
a. Furniture cleaning or maintenance
Sakkho teak tiles used for furniture projects should be cared for and maintained same as any other piece of teak furniture.
b. Large outdoor areas, heavy cleaning
Sakkho teak tiles used for large decking should be approached the same as a teak deck on a boat while large cladding or facade area the same as any other regular timber facade or cladding. The boating industry uses the best teak cleaning, maintenance and restoration methods which can be applied to Sakkho tiles.
c. Finished, painted, waxed Teak
Sakkho teakwood with a finish should be maintained and re-coated accordingly.
The next and most important aspect of choosing the right maintenance method will be according to the look you want the teak to have. Over the years people came up with different methods, tricks and tips to clean and maintain their teak wood each method with their pros and cons, each giving you good results, each designed to work on the texture or the tint of the wood.
Ultimately, cleaning and maintaining teak should be done according to the look you want your teak to have as the method you choose may affect both, the texture and tint of the timber:
Smooth or aged and rough.
Natural, finished or gray and weathered.
How often: daily, weekly or as required.
A simple regular, daily or weekly rinse or wash can be applied to Sakkho tiles same as you would clean your regular floor or wipe your furniture from dust, dirt to prevent fungi, mildew or algal build-up and to control discoloration.
For smaller teak surfaces, a simple wipe with a wet cloth will do the trick and larger areas such as a decking can be wiped, water hosed or brushed with a decking brush.
A simple clean can be applied to both weathered or finished teak.
How often: once a year or every 18 months or 24 months; as required.
a. Heavy wash
When teakwood shows signs of heavy weathering, one solution to restore the color of the timber is simply to give it a good scrub and wash using water and a scrub brush; same as when cleaning a boat deck.
Boat experts will usually only wash teak wood with salt water. This cleans the wood and prevents it from drying out and shrinking. The salt also absorbs and keep moisture within the timber and prevents any mildew and algal growth.
b. D.I.Y. / Home cleaning solutions
Teak solvents can be purchased and homemade teak cleaning solutions are easy to make. Care should be taken when choosing solvents or cleaning solutions as it may simply damage the wood over time. Over-maintenance using chemicals, solvents or solutions will shorten the lifespan of your Sakkho tiles.
Below is a list of most common D.I.Y. / Homemade teak cleaning solutions. It is recommended to always start and test cleaning with the mildest solution before moving to more concentrated and aggressive products.
• Cleaning tool: nylon or scrubbing pad, soft bristle brush.
• Container: bucket, spray bottle or garden sprayer.
• Protective gear: use heavy duty protective gear if needed.
• When necessary, protect surroundings and vegetation.
• Do not let the mix dry and stain the wood under the sun.
• Always rinse very well with clean water after maintenance.
• Recommended drying time is 2 to 3 days or until dry.
• Add Tri-sodium phosphate (TSP) / Tricleanium if required
|1. mix water + mild soap/dishwashing soap||» least aggressive solution|
|2. mix 4L warm water + 1 cup white vinegar||» add 1 cup chlorine bleach if needed|
|3. mix 4L warm water + 1 cup oxygen bleach||» let sit for 15 to 30mn then brush|
|4. mix 4L warm water + 1 cup laundry soap||» add 1 cup chlorine bleach if needed|
|5. mix 4L warm water + 1 cup chlorine bleach||» ideal for mold - let sit few seconds|
c. Deep cleaning solvents
If necessary teak cleaning solutions can be purchased from a teak furniture or hardware stores to be used as per the manufacturer's instructions.
Sakkho tile may require sanding due to wear and tear, stubborn stains and spots or due to physical damages which a heavy wash or a cleaning solvent cannot remove.
Before sanding consider that weathered teak forms a natural 'non-slip' surface which may be better to keep when Sakkho tile are used as decking.
Sanding teak may be challenging as it is a hardwood containing natural oil and resins. When sanding teak, the natural resin and the sanding dust mix creating a layer on the sanding paper difficult to remove making it less effective. This can be overcome by using wet sanding and waterproof sanding paper, however, the wood should not be left wet for extended periods of time but should be quickly rinsed and dried to avoid the grain to rise too much.
A random orbital sander (ROS) is the most suitable type of sander to work on Sakkho teak tiles as swirls and sanding marks can be avoided regardless of the direction of the grain. Sand just enough to refresh the teak.
When sanding by hand or when using another type of sanders (other than an ROS) always sand in the direction of the grain.
To work on smaller teak items or surfaces or hard to reach places use an air sander, a palm sander or a sanding block and up to 100 grit sanding paper for finer teak products.
Recommended Sander for Sakkho Teak Tiles:
|1. Sander type||Random Orbital Sander|
|2. Sanding paper||60 to 80 grit|
|3. Sander size||5" or 6" (125 or 150 mm)|
|4. Accessory||Dust extraction port|
|5. Protective||Glass and mask/respirator|
We do not recommend the use of heavy-duty industrial power tools on Sakkho tiles. Heavy commercial power tools are mostly designed to quickly remove thick layers or aggressively work on the surface and will remove or damage the soft grain of the wood; however, If necessary and used correctly and at correct settings, such tools can help save time and give excellent results.
a. Pressure washers
Most teak deck expert will not recommend using a high-pressure washer to deep clean expensive teak wood.
Cleaning Sakkho tiles with a high-pressure washer will definitely speed up any cleaning job; however, it must be done at the correct settings using a lower pressure. The danger of using a high-pressure washer to remove dirt from teak wood is that it will also eat away the softer grain of the wood making it thinner over time. The high pressure will raise the grain creating a rougher wood texture while reducing the lifespan of Sakkho tiles.
b. Commercial random orbital floor sander
Avoid and do not use a heavy commercial orbital floor sander as they are too aggressive for Sakkho teak tiles and will leave sanding marks.
As Sakkho teak tiles are versatile in their application and can be used for both interior or exterior projects, the maintenance type and schedule must be selected accordingly.
Please refer to paragraphs above: 4. Simple Cleaning - Regularly and 5. Deep Cleaning - Restoration.
8. After Cleaning and Maintenance
Once Sakkho tiles are cleaned or restored, if left out in the sun, the weathering process will start all over again and teak will turn grey again.
The use of preservatives or wood treatments is not necessary and will not extend the life of teak.
a. About teak oil
Oiling teak will temporary give you a "nicer look" and is mostly recommended for teak used away from the sun or indoors. Teak oil used on outdoor furniture that are left under direct sulight will affect the graying process giving you an uneven, irregular tint with spots as the wood weathers and will most likely attract mildew.
Almost any maintenance or restoration technique used on teak or timber will usually either abrade or damage the teak by removing a layer of the timber.
Things to know:
a. Limit the use of high-pressure washers or high-pressure water hoses to clean teak.
b. Never use a hard or metal brush as it will scrub away the soft grain of the wood.
c. When brushing or scrubbing only use a soft bristle brush and brush across the grain.
d. Never sand against the grain but with the grain; use a Random Orbital sander.
e. Limit the use of highly abrasive detergent unless a complete restoration is needed.
f. Avoid making tiles used as walking surface slippery by over-applying a finish.
g. Cleaning products may quickly dry and stain the wood under in nice weather.
h. Sanding paper above 100 grit may be ineffective and below 50 grit too aggressive.
i. Cleaning solvents may affect the wood surface and reduce the result of a wood finish.
a. Always rinse teak after cleaning and sanding; allow between 2 to 3 days to dry.
b. To keep the rich golden color of teak, regularly use a UV blocking teak coating.
a. Speed up the weathered appearance of teakwood and help to achieve a more uniform teak graying by cleaning the wood with a 50/50 mix of water and chlorine bleach.
• Wet the wood with the solution
• Let stand for 10-15 minutes
• Rinse thoroughly with fresh water
• Do not let bleach dry on wood
• Teak will then lighten better over time
b. Wet sanding and a waterproof sand paper will be more effective and avoid a quick build up of teak resin and sanding dust mix on the sanding paper.